Linux - free software. On its basis, a large number of distributions have been created. Ready-made, such as Windows, Linux is not available. This operating system is distributed by large software complexes. ARCH OS is a native system that is fully optimized for computers. Therefore, the distribution is widely used for hosts dedicated servers.
Distributions differ from each other in their purpose and a set of built-in applications, utilities:
- for home use;
- for programmers.
VPS-servers and dedicated servers are built on LINUX distributions, personal software systems are developed. Extensive customization and personalization options let you create your own system in hours at no additional cost.
KISS - there is no unnecessary functionality, no need to install patches, like in the Ubuntu, Debian distribution, that disrupt the operability of the operating system. Stable LTS core and community support make the ARCH OS relevant so far.
LINUX ARCH Overview
Arch is adapted to computer architecture. There are both 32 and 64 bit OS. The software complex is mostly intended for professional use. Newcomers may have problems already at the installation stage.
Utilities, a visual shell is selected by the user. There is no basic graphical interface in the OS - you need to select it yourself. Because of this, the initial installation becomes more difficult, but the final result is a completely personal operating system with the necessary tools.
The project was created by the community. It does not have a corporate goal and is distributed by ARCH absolutely free of charge.
For most distributions, you need to separately search for packages on the Internet. The ARCH system receives them immediately. To build and install packages from the source code, there is Yaourt. The tool compiles, installs and searches for the necessary software for you.
A significant number of LINUX distributions are limited to only one graphics environment. A critical incompatibility error occurs when attempting to replace it. In "ARCH" there is no such problem. The system has several shells such as GNOME, KDE, CINNAMON, MATE, DEPIN, XLDE. They work without problems.
Advantages and disadvantages of Linux Arch
The distribution is the basis of popular projects Manjaro, Antigros. A broad software repository allows you to flexibly configure your operating system. In Arch, you can easily replace the graphics environment and not be afraid of batch failures. The distribution is intuitive, although complex in the initial installation. After a few hours, you get the perfect operating system for yourself.
Benefits of Linux Arch:
- Installation of only the necessary components for operation;
Unlike Windows, where there are many unnecessary tools, Arch OS allows you to choose a list of tools manually. This saves resources and optimizes your computer. But complicates the initial installation, configuration for operation.
- rolling-release continuous development model;
Your operating system will always be up to date. The upgrade is stable as opposed to the dist-upgrade model.
The ARCH OS distribution is popular. At the expense of a larger community of both amateurs and professional programmers, the operating system has AUR - Arch User Repository (AUR). The latter is regularly updated with software. Therefore, you will always find the necessary utility for Linux.
AUR - the multipurpose ARCH component. The tool allows you to convert binary packages that were developed for another control complex. For example, the test version of Skype for "Linux" from DEB, RPM package can be quietly assembled from AUR.
- adjustment to the user and modernity;
Arch OS has its own philosophy. The user does not need to remove extra packages, because they simply do not exist. The system offers an OS assembly from scratch - you choose what you need to work as the designer.
The distribution supports most file systems, including basic EXT 2/3/4, REISER, XFS, JFS, BTRFS, LVM2. RAID, UDEV, INUTCPIO are supported.
- Flexible package management and integrity
LINUX ARCH supports PACMAN management. This technology provides the ability to upgrade the entire system with a single pacman command - Syu. Loading of new versions of packages is performed by one click of pacman - S package-name.
ARCH OS gives the source code immediately without patches. Software packages are collected from source texts.
The system has the ability to clone files with the Clonezilla tool. This allows you to make a backup and are not afraid of failures.
Arch WIKI - all information in one library
WIKI is real klondike information. The site describes everything you need to use Linux. The digital library will be useful not only for adherents of ARCH OS.
Due to the fact that the operating system uses most of the basic components of LINUX, the collected information is suitable for users and other distributions. ARCH Wiki is regularly updated with up-to-date information, so you will always be aware of the innovations in the system.
ARCH OS - a protest to an enterprise system of management
Windows provides the ready solution. On the one hand, it is a plus as it isn't necessary to configure anything. But the reverse of the medal is that your opportunities are limited.
You do only what allows Microsoft, you use what is supported by the developer. Even by means of third-party providing, you won't be able to customize a system most flexibly. Yes, the beautiful visual cover and the intuitive interface bribe, but a payment for availability is your freedom.
In Arch OS all in a different way. Your opportunities aren't influenced by a corporate segment. The operating system allows establishing only what you want. The distribution kit is cleaned from stuff therefore the speed and stability of work is guaranteed. "ARCh" - OS for community with strong user support.
"ARCH" LINUX - big base of information
In popularity the distribution kit can't compete with the UBUNTU - nevertheless the simple interface bribes most of users. But in the professional environment the operating system almost doesn't have equality.
Flexible setup, lack of unnecessary components, fast work - the aspects ensuring safety of the operating system. Therefore "ARCH" is used in hostings and VPS systems. On the basis of this distribution kit, stable dedicated servers are organized.
ARCH - a system for people
In the operating system it is possible to install other repositories with the software. For example, archlinuxcn is popular. On the basis of OS, it is possible to create your own local repository of software.
As to make it:
- select the separate directory of the hard drive;
- load binary software packages;
- by means of a command #sudo art-mirror to create the database (D) with the software.
In the manager of packages to replace a priority of the created DB for preferable. Now you with ease can install programs from a local repository. From AUR the conversion of the interface of work with packages, as in Manjaro is available. It is only necessary to download a graphic cover from a repository.
Windows "eats" resources of a RAM and video cards are "eaten" by a reverse side to a beautiful graphic cover of "Windows". "ARCH" for start and work requires no more than 500 MB. Therefore, it can be installed on weak computers.
The operating system gives boundless opportunities for the user. You create OS for yourself. Nothing is changed. All software solutions are presented in the original state. Therefore, the highest performance is provided.
Update in one click
Were tired of regular reinstallation? Then ARCH OS - the fact that it is necessary for you. Time is enough to install everything the operating system, and you will forever forget about problems with update.
"ARCH" receives always the latest versions of both kernels, and a graphic cover of a home screen. Therefore, it isn't necessary to waste time for expectations when packages are available for specific to LINUX; there was software - take away it at once. For participation in testing, it is possible to install betas of utilities. But their stability isn't guaranteed.
As well as it was told above, it is possible to update all systems with only one pacman command - Syu. Therefore, time for search of updates, new versions and for collecting components isn't necessary - the system will make everything for you.
Shortcomings of "ARCH" Linux
There are no cardinal minuses in the operating system. Problems with performance are absent, there are no unnecessary elements as telemetry and therefore resources of the workstation are spent to destination.
The main shortcoming - the creation of the system assuming completely manual installation and setup of the OS components. It is necessary to perform different operations also manually by prescription of commands. This minus constrains the growth of popularity among the community.
Later certain time, such type of work bothers even to the professional. But in comparison with friendly the Ubuntu of "ARCH" is more stable, and settings and smooth work "don't fly" after the next system update.
The programs simplifying work at the computer, for example, Punto Switcher and the majority of music players is problematic work at ARCH. But this problem is solved by search of analogs in a repository.
Officially, LINUX ARCH positions itself as free software for a wide audience. But in practice, the distribution kit suits professionals more - for execution of the majority of tasks it is necessary to know certain commands. Simple operation, for example, installation of the utility requires input of the pacman command - S package-name. In "Windows" everything is much simpler.
There is a huge base of information in Russian and English - and it, undoubtedly, plus. But the ignorant user should refer to documentation very often: problems can arise at an installation stage, for work it is necessary to have at least basic knowledge of bases of functioning of Linux.
Reading of manuals on the installation of a system is necessary
As fast as possible to receive the ready solution for work it won't turn out. Before use it is desirable to study instructions for setup and application of the operating system, otherwise not to avoid problems. Without basic information it is necessary to spend a lot of time for study by tyk method.
Unlike pseudo-friendly Windows which limits the possibilities of users has no standard graphic cover of the installer. Therefore, when using it is necessary to use an entry line and basic commands for the choice of a repository with the software.
Instability of test versions of the software
Desire to receive all the newest - risk to interruption system operation. Therefore, it is better not to use the test software at all, and to wait for an exit of stable releases.
Big community and existence of AUR - plus. But concerning the software packages which are in a repository, there is a small nuance. Always there is a probability of a malicious code in AUR packages. Therefore, it is the best of all to look for manually tools for your tasks.
Whether it is worth selecting Arch OS?
To accept the choice about installation to you. If OS is necessary for a hosting or VPS/VDS of servers, then it is worth taking a distribution kit into account. By means of its resources, you will create the personal, protected cloud solution, you will assemble the workstation as you see without restrictions in system opportunities.
Don't want to waste time? Then select distribution kits, more friendly for the beginner, such as Ubuntu. You shouldn't select a graphic cover, to constantly use commands for the installation of software packages. Everything that is necessary for Ubuntu will provide to you.